What is the best corrective eye surgery for me?
Medical procedures involving corrective eye surgery have made considerable advances and are now both routine and convenient. This has resulted in many more people becoming eligible and ideal candidates for poor vision correction.
There are several different types of corrective eye surgery and the type you will receive will depend on the eye problems you have and how severe those problems are. Many people know only about LASIK corrective eye surgery because it is the one most talked about and most popular. Many patients are also ideal candidates for refractive surgery. A close study of the different types of corrective eye surgery will help you decide which one is most beneficial for you.
Lasik Corrective Eye Surgery
LASIK – which stands for Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis successfully, treats farsightedness, nearsightedness, and some astigmatism. The severity of your astigmatism will determine if LASIK corrective eye surgery is the best procedure for your condition.
A laser is used by the surgeon to remove material from under a flap cut in the stroma. This surgery normally takes less than one minute for each eye.
Lasek Corrective Eye Surgery
LASEK – which stands for Laser Epithelial Keratomileusis is similar to LASIK corrective eye surgery except the surgeon makes the flap cut in the epithelium instead of the epithelium and the stroma. This surgery is mainly used for people with thin or flat corneas. They are normally suitable candidates for the LASIK surgery because of the condition of their corneas. There are drawbacks to this surgery, a longer healing time, and slightly more discomfort than LASIK surgery.
PRK Corrective Eye Surgery
Photo-refractive Keratectomy is a laser surgery that will successfully treat nearsightedness, mild farsightedness, and some astigmatism problems. This procedure is quick taking less than one minute for each eye. There is no flap cut into the eye as there is with LASIK surgery.
Epi-Lasik Corrective Eye Surgery
Epi-Lasik Corrective Eye Surgeryis where the doctor only cuts a flap in the epithelium and does not use either a surgical blade or alcohol. Alcohol used with eye surgery creates more discomfort than this surgery.
All-Laser Lasik Corrective Eye Surgery
All-Laser Lasik Corrective Eye Surgery an extra laser beam is used instead of a surgical blade in creating the flap in the front of the eye to correct the problem. After the flap is lifted, the second laser beam is used to correct and reshape the eye.
An alternative choice of corrective eye surgery is the nonexcimer laser procedure. This surgery consists of placing artificial lenses in the eye and then reshaping the eye with low heat radio waves, or laser energy. Cutting into the eye surface is also part of this procedure.
For those who have astigmatism, there is a corrective eye surgery called Astigmatic Keratotomy (AK) that will correct a mild astigmatism. Astigmatism of the cornea happens when the cornea is shaped like a football instead of a natural curve. The cornea is reshaped by taking out the bulges affecting the normal curvature of the cornea.
Corrective eye surgery – is ideal for those candidates who have eye problems that are treatable with any type of eye surgery. Some patients with severe eye astigmatisms may not be suitable candidates for corrective eye surgery.